BERLIN: Devil’s Mountain

The Teufelsberg (Devil’s Mountain), about 360 feet high, sits in the Grunewald, a huge park on the western boundary of Berlin. The hill was built of rubble trucked out of the German capital after WWII. In the ’50s, the Americans built a listening post on it from which Western forces could eavesdrop on Warsaw Pact …

BERLIN: Logic and Logistics of Nazi Forced Labor

Forced labor was a cornerstone of the Nazi state, especially important to the war effort after the German manpower supply began to shrink. More than 12 million people were brought to Germany as forced laborers during WWII. In 1944, half the nation’s farm workers and a quarter of other workers and employees were forced laborers. …